Humberto Maturana is a neurobiologist and Professor at the University of Chile.
When asked about the nature of life and cognition he formulated an answer: autopoiesis (from the Greek auto means 'self' and poiein means 'to make'). Together with his student Francisco Varela he wrote: Autopoiesis and Cognition: The Realization of the Living (1980) and The Tree of Knowledge. The Biological Roots of Human Understanding (1987). In these works he unfolds this change in cognition theory, laying a new foundation for biologistic systems theory. He investigated ideas in cognition and perception and has expanded the understanding of humanness and therapy through revealing the biology of the observer. The main consequence of Maturana’s analysis is the revaluation of emotions as the foundation of human life and even of rationality.
In 1997, he published the essay Metadesign for V2_'s TechnoMorphica.
Other relevant works include, From Being to Doing. The Origins of the Biology of Cognition (with Bernhard Poerksen, 2004); and El sentido de lo ser humano (2009). Maturana is considered the founder of constructivist epistemology or radical constructivism, an epistemology built upon empirical findings of neurobiology. In 2000, Maturana founded the Instituto de Formación Matriztica, his own reflection and research center in Chile: http://www.matriztica.cl/
Some of his recent thoughts, such as on humans vs machines can be found here: http://www.inteco.cl/biology/