Ryszard Kapuściński (1932-2007) (PL) is considered the leading Polish journalist of his time.
Ryszard Kapuściński studied Polish history at Warsaw University, and subsequently was employed as a domestic reporter and, in 1964, as the only (!) foreign correspondent for the Polish Press Agency. While working for the latter, he gained critical and popular praise for his coverage of civil wars, revolutions and social conditions in the Third World, specially in Africa, where he witnessed the liberation from colonialism..
When he finally returned to Poland, it is said that he had lived through twenty-seven revolutions and coups, been jailed forty times and survived four death sentences.
Ryszard Kapuściński is also a poet, publicist, photographer and author. He used his experiences as correspondent, and the access his profession brought him to first-hand information to write books such as The Emperor: Downfall of an Autocrat, 1978 (about Ethiopian Haile Selassie); the Shah of Shahs, 1982 (on Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran); and Imperium, about the last days of the Soviet Union, 1993.
Kapuściński was excited not only by different countries and its people, but as well by books: he would read a great deal before each assignment, and he had the ability to listen to people's stories and to read the tales of the lands he travelled. Considered a Nobel prize candidate, who never received the honor, he is a reporter whose observations became philosophical reflections on the world and people.