E-Textile Workspace, Pilot Evening

Discussion at the pilot evening

E-Textile Workspace, Pilot Evening

Thursday, 22 October 2009, V2_Lab organized the first pilot of a recurring series E-textile Workspaces. Participants were invited to bring their own wearable project for hands-on work, and in order to show a sample of their current research/practice in the field to their workspace colleagues.

Follow all Workspace results at the E-Textile Workspace collection.

Discussion Topics

The following questions were the kick-off for this first edition and the thread that lead the discussion throughout the evening:

  • E-Textile 2009: research, art or design?
  • What is the definition of wearables?
  • How can you best present wearables to a broad audience?
  • What is the best format for the E-Textile Workspace?

The field of wearables is still relatively new and incredibly broad, and the many contexts in which they are used/created are very diverse, ranging from art projects and fashion shows to design and commercial products. Thus, while the defining terminology abounds – called portables, e-textiles, smart textiles, fashionable technology, soft circuits – a standard definition that connects all the facets and current uses of wearables is still missing.

An example: can an I-Phone be considered a wearable, too? Small, thin and portable, I-Phones are often worn by users as pieces of clothing/fashion accessories and multimedia platforms, rather then being used only as a phone, an mp3 music player or a web browser. Why it is not a wearable, then? What aspects of an I-Phone do not match with the defining characteristics of wearables?

Building a Definiton

During the Workspace, the participants tried to start building a definition by narrowing the field and looking for those aspects that are recurrent in wearable projects. Softness, flexibility, the use of textile and interactivity were listed as the defining characteristics of wearables. Nonetheless, a definition that works only in terms of materiality and technique appeared limiting and somehow incomplete. In fact, the different purposes for which artists/developers use certain technologies and materials – and the multiple ways in which they are applied to different artistic concepts – affect the definition of wearable and infuse every project with a different meaning.

Art, Research or Design?

Moreover, any definition of wearables we could eventually put forward, is influenced by the context in which each project is created and presented. These contexts are very diverse: sometimes created and presented as art, often as functional technologies developed by commercial Labs, and too often as fashion design, wearables cannot be easily circumscribed to neither of these fields  and often cross more then one in the process of their making. Most of the times, e-textile 2009 is both art, research and design.

Why art and not only fashion, given the fundamental role of textile, clothing and accessories in wearable projects? Because wearing, in the context of e-textiles, always means also sharing –  wearables create social relations between people/with the audience that never evolve in predictable ways. In fact, every projects sets a series of 'rules' for interaction and interpretation – nonetheless the audience, by interacting with the wearable, makes these rules their own and thus affects and shapes the final message of every project. This results into projects that embody multiple layers of meaning and relational dynamics: similarly to conceptual art projects, the interpretation of meaning and communication are never pre-determined, immediate and unidirectional.

Why art but also research and design? A wearable project always includes testing and, very often, the development of new technological solutions in order to make a concept work: this requires both the collaboration with other researchers, ARt&D Labs and commercial producers of new technologies.  Starting a project means searching for information in a variety of fields – from programming, to fashion design, to textile design, to tech blogs on the internet.

Role of Labs

The research and development of new wearable technologies often comes out from very different places, both from commercially oriented labs and from ARt&D labs such as V2_. Sometimes, commercial Labs can make their latest technological findings available to artists, that will then infuse these functional tools with new meaning and change their identity of products into something more meaningful.

The ARt&D lab, such as V2_Lab, for example, shares this complex identity, by combining as well research, design and art, and is thus a particularly suitable 'environment' where to work with/on wearables, and push the research and discussion forward. While developing and testing new technologies – as much as the means allow – the ARt&D lab aims at sharing knowledge on these same technologies and at searching for novel ways to look at reality through them. Technological innovation is not the ultimate goal, but a mean towards the creation of new meaning and innovative artistic concepts.

The role of the ARt&D labs is thus to bridge the gap between research, access to technology and artistic freedom: new tools and solutions 'that work' are developed and made accessible to artists while respecting their artistic independence and not having the final aim of a commercial product. Especially for artists working with wearables, the existence of such places is very important, as projects often require collaboration with experts in different fields, access to technologies that are not easy to find on your own, the testing of prototypes and finding funding.

The problem of keeping artistic concepts and experimentation free from commercial pressures, is one of the reasons that makes  an ARt&D lab such as V2_ poorly interested in collaborating on a regular basis with commercial labs, in order to get samples of new technologies and materials to be tested and used for projects – even if this would seem an easy solution to have the state-of-the-art in wearable technology more accessible.

Presentation of a Wearable Work

Presenting wearables to a broad audience is currently a complex issue, reflecting the lack of a standard definition for the field. Nonetheless, analysing how wearables are perceived by the public and presented to wide audiences, might offer useful points for a definition. The popularity of the term 'fashionable technology' and the many fashion exhibitions that feature wearable projects somehow prove that wearables are often way too easily labelled as a branch of fashion design. Exhibiting wearable projects should also try to show and transmit to the public the multiple layers of meaning they can create/embody, and the relational dynamics they establish among audiences – which makes them more complex to present then a fashion show or a new design product.

In conclusion, trying to put a definition of wearables out there too soon – for example, in this first session – could eventually bring clarity, but can also make experimentation less free and narrow it within certain  'borders'. A less vague statement on wearables, that might help people read the work that is produced in this realm, is likely to emerge throughout the sessions of this E-Textile Workspace.

In the same way as electronic music, in its beginning, was a confused field that included the most diverse expressions and experiments (from commercial dance music to the more avantgarde experimentation), projects of all kinds end up under the same 'umbrella' of wearables. Nonetheless, clearer definitions will eventually emerge in the wearable community throughout time, as it happened with music, where a sub-division in genres spontaneously brought clarity over time.



  • Piem Wirtz
  • Melissa Coleman
  • Anja Hertenberger
  • Meg Grant
  • Nicky Assman
  • Ivana Hilj

 Resources and further references that participants shared during this first session:

  • http://softwear.cc/ is a book compiled by researchers of the University of Malmo, that explains the basics on wearables.
  • http://www.kobakant.at/DIY/ is an extensive database compiled by Kobakant, who tested several materials and components for their wearable projects and share this information on their website
  •  Joseph L. Dvorak Bringing wearables into the mainstream: Taming the Borg


The next session will take place on Thursday November 26, 2009, with a presentation on muscle wire. 



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